White Papers



A Standardized and Flexible IPv6 Architecture for Field Area Networks

November 21, 2011
Last Mile Infrastructure - This paper is intended to provide a synthetic and holistic view of open standards Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) based architecture for Smart Grid Last Mile Infrastructures in support of a number of advanced Smart Grid applications (meter readout, demand-response, telemetry, and grid monitoring and automation) and its benefit as a true Multi-Services platform. In this paper, Cisco with Elster and several utilities and industry players, show how the various building blocks of IPv6 networking infrastructure can provide an efficient, flexible, secure, and multi-service network based on open standards.
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Privacy Enhancing Technologies for the Smart Grid

October 04, 2011
The best way to gain consumer trust and protect against privacy and security risks is to store only data that cannot be considered personal in the first place. This is where modern Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) come to play, by allowing access to the data needed to provide a service without exposing any other information. This puts into practice the core principles of “privacy by design”, a concept originally proposed by the privacy commissioner
of Ontario and which rapidly gained traction within the European Commission. The Expert Group 2, under the Smart Grids Task Force of the European Commission, has further elaborated the privacy and security concepts and published its recommendations. The findings of this paper are supported by these recommendations.

The PETs discussed here minimize the amount of exposed data, are embedded in the design and are always active. The technologies protect users’ privacy while having a positive effect on the business, and there is no reason why Privacy Enhancing Technologies should not be implemented in the current environment.
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AMI Security Considerations

Many electric utilities are deploying or planning to deploy smart grid technologies. For smart grid deployments, advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) is a new technology that enables radical changes in the operation of the
distribution grid. Given the new levels of automation and extended access to the grid enabled by AMI, issues have been raised concerning the potential of security gaps within smart grid deployments, with some concerns pertaining
specifically to existing and new AMI solution offerings.

This paper examines some of the security concerns related to AMI systems and describes key preventive measures that can be taken against cyber security issues.
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AMI & DA Convergence

April 01, 2011
As today’s utilities explore new ways to operate more efficiently, the smart grid offers a solution through distributed intelligence, managing energy consumption and measuring the quality of the power back to the utility. This information helps utilities save energy, reduce costs and increase the grid’s reliability and also provides greater transparency to those operating it. Although smart grid investments span a broad range of technologies, today’s utilities are focusing on distribution automation (DA) systems and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) to support monitoring and remote control of the power system.
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